2. Moral Decision-Logic And Moral Definitions for Each Value



What is missing for making more reliable and consistent decisions for long term strategic planning with positive results are the values that have a proven record of sustaining our species’ survival for over 8,000 generations. The consistency of our personal and organizational decision-making is dependent upon using the logic of the ageless consistency of the seven values. What is missing are the criteria, or rules, for the moral and ethical decisions that will keep (sustain) all of the parts of our societies running smoothly so that everyone arrives in the far distant future with the same or better quality of life as we have today.

Most of us have heard the words “values,” “morality,” and “ethics,” but never before have morality and ethics been based on a set of values that are innate to our species. Until now morality and ethics have never been tied to anything more substantial than someone’s opinion about “right and wrong” and how we ought to behave.

As a very brief aside, the four primary values were not discovered until 2008, and the three secondary values in 2014. The characteristics of the four primary values began to reveal themselves in an experimental “design team” that I had initiated in 2007 to discover the link between expectations and beliefs about disappointment in personal relationships. Years later, it became obvious to me that there was a logic-relationship between these seven values and their characteristics. That relationship is presented here in a proactive logic-based morality and ethic that is easily understood.

The Decision-Logic of the Seven Human Values

The progression from Values to Expressed Ethics in the sections and chapters ahead will follow these steps:

●    Seven Values
   ●    Moral Definitions
      ●    Ethics Statements
         ●    Expressed Ethics
            ●    TGoEE

●    Values underlie the decisions responsible for the survival of our species;
●    Moral Definitions provide us with a set of rules to guide human decisions and actions to prevent destructive life-altering behavior of human interaction;
●    Ethics Statements tell us HOW TO fulfill Moral Definitions.  Using “equality” in this example as the originating value in the sequence:
Treating others as you would your self means that you do not treat others less than your self; and it also means that you do not treat yourself less than you would treat others. The value of others is equal to that of your self, and your value is equal to that of others – act accordingly. The importance of this value is that others are not excluded from consideration, and from opportunities to grow and to improve their quality of life; and neither are you.

●    Expressed Ethics tell us WHAT TO DO to fulfill Ethics Statements.
Expressed Ethics are the ethical values and principles that individuals, families, companies and corporations, and public agencies adopt to conduct business without jeopardizing their personal and social integrity and to improve those relationships. As example, the expressed ethical principles for “equality” would include fairness, justice, integrity, respect, loyalty, truth, trust, accountability, responsibility, and being transparent, authentic, and honest.

“Expressed Ethics” is used in this text for what most people call ethical values and ethical principles. The words “Expressed Ethics” are used to tell the reader that it is the fourth stage of the values logic-sequence.

●    The Graces of Expressed Ethics (TGoEE) is the fifth stage in the logic-sequence and provide the élan of social interaction. These take the form of being kind, considerate, caring, confident, generous, meek, mild, modest, strong but humble, thoughtful, patient, tolerant, positive, and friendly for only a very few of many possible examples. These are not necessary to be moral or ethical, but provide a “grace” to ethical living. People who express these graces are always noticeable because they are not pretentious, but have a confident joy of life that cannot be ignored.

You probably have accurately guessed that the combination of these five steps provides a logic-sequence where each step supports subsequent steps in the sequence. The seven values are used as the criteria to validate each step in a logic-sequence, particularly the last step.

Now, let us begin to build logic-sequences step-by-step beginning with the Moral Definition. That step will lead us to Ethics Statements and so on from there. As always, we begin with values.

The “IF . . . THEN” of Building Logic-Sequences

Building any logic-sequence begins with the statement, “IF _ _ _ _ THEN _ _ _ _.” It begins with something we speculate to be true. When we create an “if-then statement” it must be checked for its validity to know if it is PROVEN to be true, to not. Once it is proven to be true, then we call that statement a “PROOF” for the that step in the logic-sequence.

As an example from simple geometry, the “if-then statement” of a triangle is this, “If the ends of three lines are joined to create a three-sided object, then the sum of the angles is always 180°. The important final word in this logic-sequence is “always.” To validate this, we would measure the sum of the angles of dozens of different types of triangles anywhere in the world at different times of the day. The validation process provides us with a “proof” of the logic-sequence of the statement. Once the Proof is made, then we can use the Proof to build other “if-then statements,” and validate those proofs by actual measurements. With the seven values, we can build an integrated logical system of morality and ethics that will prove to be useful to anyone, anywhere in the world, now and into the far distant future.

Building logic-sequences (Moral Definitions) from the seven values begins with the statement, “IF the values do exist in everyone, THEN are there characteristics of these values also existing in everyone?”

To validate that “if-then statement,” we would then go out into the world and interview thousands of people from all over the world to determine if those values really do exist in everyone we interviewed. If that proves to be true we would then develop a list of mutual characteristics for those values.

Characteristics of the Seven Values. Because that research has already been completed, we know the seven values exist in everyone in the world. Because everyone interviewed identified with those values, a list was made of characteristics for those values. Those characteristics include that they are universal to all people. From the written history of past societies and civilizations, we also know that these values are timeless, meaning that people have expressed these values in their life from the earliest recordings of history.

From our own personal experience, as well as our conclusions made from historical records, we know that these values are innate to our being — and not learned. This suggests the seven values are embedded in our DNA.

What is remarkable about these values is that once they are pointed out to people, their existence seems so obvious that they are seen as being self-evident.

These values are also proven to be irreducible. That is confirmed when we challenge each value to discover if more basic values underlie each of them. Knowing that values always underlie all decisions, our question becomes, “What are the values that underlie Life?” Because you either have life or not, there is no decision to be made. We conclude that the value Life is irreducible.

Now, let us examine growth. What values support our growth? It, too, is irreducible because it is an unconscious urge of our species, not a decision, and is not learned. Growth spontaneously begins to express immediately when children are born. Within days infants begin to recognize faces, voices, and begin to babble in the process of learning to talk. Then comes crawling, standing, stepping, walking, running (and falling), then onto learning the full scope of languages, writing, music, mathematics, and art.

As for equality, the conclusion is the same. We do not decide that we want to be unequal to others. The necessity of equality is born in each of us. It is an irreducible value.

Only within the last few years has it been scientifically proven that the two secondary values of empathy and compassion exist in our DNA. Asking people, “Do you have empathy? Did you decide to have empathy? How about compassion? Have you ever decided to have compassion?” There are no other values behind those values that support a decision to express empathy or compassion. They are irreducible as well.

When we become aware of these six values as having been a part of our everyday decision-making, we are able to come to the conclusion that every person in history, now, and in the future is being urged by the values in their DNA to seek a better quality of life.

Non-humans. Consciously or unconsciously deciding NOT to grow, not to express equality with others, and not to express empathy, compassion, and a generalized “Love” for humanity is a decision to become NON-human. From my own experience from working in criminal felony adult corrections, that decision is only rarely a conscious decision.

A Few More Details. The values need to be explained in a bit more detail in order to provide a better understanding of the logical nature of the Moral Definitions and Ethics Statements that we will create.

Life is the logical prerequisite for the functioning of the other six values. Life is primarily a motivating value to stay alive.

Equality is a motivating value as we compare the quality of our life to the quality of life of others.

Growth is the logical evidence of life. Growth is the evidence of the genetic program expressing the innate potential of the individual and the species. Growth is a motivating value and the prerequisite for the improvement of our quality of life.

Quality of life is a motivating value that takes into account the other six values as they relate to the seven spheres of human experience, (physical, mental, emotional, intellectual, social, cultural, and spiritual).

Empathy, compassion, and “Love.” The presence of these three secondary values in a person’s life is evidence of the degree of that person being human — humane. Without these secondary values life is a brutish and brutal experience.

From this point we can begin the process of building logic-sequences using the seven values with the confidence that what we are building will stand the test of time for all races, cultures, ethnicities, nationalities, and genders.

For those who are impatient, Chapter 5, page 41, Logic-Sequences for the Seven Values, will succinctly abbreviate the process of building moral and ethical logic-sequences.

Proactive Moral Definitions For the Four Primary Values

Seven Values  ➔ Moral Definitions
           ➔  Ethics Statements  ➔ Expressed Ethics

At first, the seven values do not seem nearly enough to give societies and nations the necessary support for their survival, and the development of social stability into the far distant future. The simplicity of their appearance is deceiving. What makes societal and international peace possible is the integrated nature of these values working together that reveals their unexpected synergism.

Proactive Moral Definitions provide us with a set of rules to guide human decisions and actions to prevent destructive life-altering behavior of human interaction.

The following Proactive Moral Definitions are stated in the context of moral, amoral, and immoral perspectives. They are stated as proactive affirmations rather than as proscriptions. The focus is on the desired behavior rather than on undesirable behavior.

Life — The  ultimate value

Proactive Moral Definition: Assign value in all of your decisions to protect and value life.

Amoral: Do not go out of your way to support the life of others, but neither cause them any harm.

Immoral: Use others for your own benefit and without regard for their life, whether an individual or thousands.

Equality

Equality is the pivotal innate value of proactive morality.

Proactive Moral Definition: Make decisions and take action for improving the quality of life and unleashing the potential of others as you do for your self.

Amoral: Make decisions and take actions to maximize your situation without jeopardizing the equality of others.

Immoral: Make decisions and take actions that put you at an advantage, and as a means to disadvantage of others.

Growth

Proactive Moral Definition: Make decisions and take actions that create opportunities for you to develop your innate potential; and, whenever possible develop opportunities for others, and assist them to grow into their innate potential to improve their quality of life as you would for yourself.

Amoral: Make decisions and take action to create opportunities for growth for yourself.

Immoral: Make decisions and take action for your growth as a means to take advantage of others.

Quality of Life

Proactive Moral Definition: Make decisions for yourself and others that improve the quality of your lives.

Amoral: Make decisions for yourself that improve the quality of your life without jeopardizing the quality of life of others.

Immoral: Make decisions that use others and what they have to improve the quantity of your life.

The socially sustaining value of equality is the last extension of our primal ancestors who came together as a group to make their hunting and gathering more efficient – without killing each other. The same exists today with this proactive morality with the awareness that the “group” now includes everyone of the 7.3 billion people on this planet.

When this magnitude of equality is taken into consideration, then material sustainability takes on a totally different definition than has been given to it in the last 50 years. With this proactive morality in mind, material sustainability becomes capable of taking on the moral load of these seven values to contribute to the quality of life of everyone. As importantly, equality takes on the obligation for being morally responsible for the quality of life of all future generations.

Proactive Moral Definitions For the Three Secondary Values

NOTE: Because “Equality” is the primary value from which the three secondary values emanate the Moral Definitions for the secondary definitions all relate to supporting the achievement of equality.

Empathy

Proactive Moral Definition: Extend your awareness past your own life to that of others to sense their situation in the seven spheres of human existence: physical, mental, emotional, intellectual, social, cultural, and spiritual. Reflect on what you sense and compare that to your own awareness(es) of your own seven spheres of human existence.

Amoral: Extend your awareness past your own life to that of others to sense their situation in the seven spheres of human existence: physical, mental, emotional, intellectual, social, cultural, and spiritual.

Immoral: Be aware of your own existence without regard to that of others around you, near or far.

Compassion

Proactive Moral Definition: Based on your developed sense of empathy, take action to come to the aid of others, to support the improvement of their quality of life and to grow into their innate potential, as you would do for your self.

Amoral: Be aware of the life-situation of others and your self without needing to take action.

Immoral: Be aware of your own life-situation and take action to improve your own situation first at the expense of others, regardless of their situation.

“Love”

Proactive Moral Definition: Love in the context of proactive morality is defined as the combined energies of empathy and compassion towards others, as you have for your self. This is truly the most developed definition of equality — to see and value others as you do for your self, and choose to act accordingly.

Amoral: Love others as your self, but without the consideration to act on that love.

Immoral: Narcissistically love your self and use others to fulfill that narcissism.

Summary

Equality is the pivotal innate value of proactive morality and ethics.

To choose these values is to choose inclusiveness, not separation. To choose to use these values means that the individual, family, and organization of any size has also chosen to see others as being of equal value and treatment. In a society that has chosen to move forward toward social stability, peace, and sustainability, to treat others as having less value than our self causes separation and becomes an immoral act.

Inclusion does not mean that everyone all the time in all situations and circumstances has to be included in making the decisions and taking actions. What it does mean is that our options, choices, decisions, and actions do NOT exclude others from being worthy of receiving equal treatment.

For example, on a scale of today’s society (2018 C.E.) that means there would be no conscious or unconscious policies to exclude minorities from receiving real estate loans to buy a home in a particular area of the city. It means that any form of discrimination, prejudice, and bigotry is an immoral act that threatens the quality of life, growth, and equality of the excluded individuals and their groups.

It does not mean, for another example, that you could build an 800 square foot home in a subdivision that only has homes of 3,000 square feet and upward. Equality is personal and means that YOU are accepted as you are as any other person would be in that subdivision, regardless of race, culture, ethnicity, nationality, or gender.